Model: Parallel Instruction
Definition: "Teachers break the class into two heterogeneous groups and each instructs half of the class" (Collaborative Teaching in Elementary Schools by Wendy W. Murawski).
- Groups facing away from one another and teachers facing one another to limit distractions and noise
- Two teachers teach the same content in the same way OR
- Two teachers teach the same content in a different way
Notice in this video the quick transition from full class to parallel instruction. The teachers are teaching the same content in a different way.
It is beneficial to go over norms and expectations around noise and behavior.
When should I use it?
- When it is beneficial to have a smaller group (teacher demonstration)
- In order to meet students' learning styles (visual versus kinesthetic instruction)
- When it's beneficial to group by learning styles or interests
- Use a co-planning template (here, here, or here on page 15)
- Discuss how students should be split (by desk location, learning style, interest, last name, etc.)
- Discuss if content should be taught the same way or differently
- Plan assessments
- Each co-teacher will grade the work from students in their group and then debrief with co-teacher
- Discuss where each group will be in the classroom, how to prepare students for transitions, timing, and going over expectations and routines
- Make sure that both teachers are aware of ways to modify instruction, challenge all learners, and meet the needs of all students
- Practice on transitioning to parallel groups
- Parallel instruction can get noisy. Be cognizant of your voice and the voice level of the students in your group.